The Ffynnon Beuno and Cae Gwyn Caves

Ancient Cave

Standing out proudly in the hillside above our beautiful wildflower meadow and orchard, the limestone cave systems at Ffynnon Beuno and its neighbour at Cae Gwyn are of International significance as it has been confirmed as being the last occupied European site of Northern European Neanderthals  before their extinction (approximately 42000 years BC) and the first site occupied by Homo Sapiens to occupy Europe some 37000 years BC. The cave is one of only 3 sites in Britain known to contain artefacts from both periods. Originally excavated by the Victorian archaeologist Henry Hicks in 1885, the site produced bones from wooly mammoth and rhino, hyena jaws and early flint tools. The caves are also the winter roost for a colony of rare Lesser Horseshoe Bats. The Bat Conservation Society regularly surveys the population and we would encourage you to checkout their work and web site.